The Evolution of the Global Nervous System

It’s hard to imagine a world without the internet. A world without e-mails, telephones and television. But believe it or not, there was a time where the world was very much disconnected and sending information or messages was a very long and excruciating process. This all changed, with the introduction of the telegraph in 1837, thanks to Samuel Morse. Since then, the world has become increasingly closer and has led to the interconnected global nervous system that exists today.

The revolutionary invention of the telegraph in 1837 became the catalyst for further technological breakthroughs, such as the first use of an undersea cable across the English Channel in 1851 which eventually led to the first trans-Atlantic cable in 1866. This was only the beginning towards a globalised world. By 1878, the telephone was invented and bought the world even closer. However, as Lampe and Ploeckl (2014, pg.249) point out, such technologies did not just affect the societal aspect. Many professions, particularly journalism and financial-based jobs, went through significant change. The emergence of the telegraph was particularly significant for newspapers, who were “historically strongly linked to postal services”, prior to the telegraph (Lampe & Ploeckl 2014, pg.249). The telegraph significantly reduced the amount of time it took to deliver the news globally and saw many people become more interested in what was happening globally, rather than just what was happening locally.

Although I could go through every significant technological discovery since the telegraph, I would like to instead skip to the 20th century to talk about what is arguably the most important technological innovation since the telegraph: The Internet. The Internet’s history spans back to the 1962, where an associate professor at MIT, by the name of Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider (J.C.R), introduced his idea of a “Galactic Network” However, it wasn’t until 1993 that the World Wide Web was actually released to the public (Sheppard,2014). Developed by CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research) employee Tim Berners-Lee in 1989, the internet was initially mostly embraced by those with significant knowledge in all things technology. Between 1995 and 1999, however, the general public slowly began to also embrace the internet. Once the first form of instant messaging was introduced in 1996, many began to see the internet as more than simply text. The internet eventually led to the emergence of Google, which has become an essential tool for people around the world, as well as social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter which have also changed the way we communicate to others and share information.

Samuel Morse meme

Now that we live in such a connected global nervous system, where sending information or communicating to the other side of the world only takes mere seconds, it will be interesting to see where technology will evolve from here. For now, we can just enjoy what we have and embrace these various technologies.

References

Lampe, M, & Ploeckl, F ‘SPANNING THE GLOBE: THE RISE OF GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS AND THE FIRST GLOBALISATION’, AUSTRALIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 242-261.

Advertisements

3 thoughts on “The Evolution of the Global Nervous System”

  1. Max, this post was a very well written analysis into the origins of communication networks, i liked your meme as well, i do think you could have been stronger on the idea of the internet as a nervous system, but overall a good post!

  2. You’re absolutely right, technology is continually evolving and communication and the flow of information are continually changing as a result. I love how social media connects me to intra/interstate family and also friends overseas. Without the internet I wouldn’t be able to do this. I am also interested to see how technology will evolve in the future. The following article might be of interest as it explores some theories about how technology will develop in the next 20 years: http://www.therichest.com/business/technology/20-technologies-that-will-shape-the-next-20-years/ – note that this was published in 2014 some of these are already a reality!

  3. hey there, good blog post! Although in the first paragraph there where no references to the telegraph information and I would really like to know where you got that information from as I am currently studying that topic in a different class. I think that you blog post could gain more by using a more personal approach within this topic, however you have done a great job with the information side of things. By personal I mean connect with the audience more and ask them more to get their involvement.
    I have found this timeline on a PDF file which I think you would both be interested in and benefit from knowing about this topic,
    https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/67472
    all in all good blog post, I’m looking forward to reading more!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s